Muslims observe a fast during the ninth month of Islamic lunar calendar, Ramadan. Ramadan is observed to purify oneself from sins and mistakes and worship God with sincerity and devotion.
During the month of Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food, water and smoking during the daylight hours. They have food only twice in a day: once before sunrise and one after sunset. The meal before sunrise is known as Suhoor and the one after sunset is called Iftar.
The items cooked for Iftar are fig and lemon chicken, lentil soup, Moroccan soup, beef meatballs, fig cakes, cookies and tomato sauce.
Ramadan is observed with complete devotion and feeling. It is a time for purifying the soul and committing oneself to become a better human being. According to Islamic laws this is the only period during which one can show true devotion to God.
The period of Ramadan comes to an end on the day of Eid-ul-fitr. No fast is observed on this day and it is celebrated with much fanfare. Muslims exchange good wishes and gifts with friends and family. Gifts include new clothes and cash which is called Eidi and is given to children. A delicious feast is organized and the dishes include: Mrouziya, Tabuli, Biryani, Mutton korma and Saiwiyan.